Allergy Treatment

Once the allergens responsible for a person's allergy symptoms have been identified, a comprehensive treatment plan will be recommended by your allergist. Treatment options fall into three categories: environmental control (minimizing exposure to the relevant allergens), pharmacotherapy (medicines), and immunotherapy (desensitization or allergy shots). One, two, or all three of these options may be recommended, depending on multiple factors such as the severity and chronicity of symptoms, results of past treatment, and the effect that these symptoms have on one's quality of life.

Environmental Control

Environmental control is the first and best step toward better allergy control.

If you have dust mite allergies, encasings for the mattress and pillows are an absolute must according to most allergists. This is because mite-proof encasings will create a complete barrier between the dust mite allergic individual and dust mites, which are found by the millions in mattresses, pillows, and comforters.

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Immunotherapy, also called desensitization or hypo-sensitization, is a form of treatment wherein extracts of allergens (pollens, dust, molds, etc.) are introduced into the body to induce an immunologic response, resulting in the eventual reduction or elimination of the allergic reaction.

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Antihistamines are medications prescribed to treat multiple allergic conditions, including seasonal and year round nasal allergies, itching, hives, eczema, and allergic reactions.  Antihistamines work by blocking the action of histamine, a substance produced by our bodies during allergic reactions.

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Inhaled Steroids

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are one of the most effective medicines used to treat recurrent or chronic asthma. They are designed to reduce inflammation in the bronchial tubes of individuals with asthma.  ICS work by turning off the lung’s production of mediators that cause inflammation, swelling, mucous production, and eventual constriction or blockage of the medium to small airways in the lungs.

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Oral Steroids

Oral steroids or injectable steroids are potent anti-inflammatory medications.  They work by turning off the body’s production of mediators that cause inflammation and subsequent symptoms of swelling, irritation, itching and pain.

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Sublingual Immunotherapy or Allergy Drops: Has its time come?

Sublingual immunotherapy, also called SLIT immunotherapy, or allergy drops, is slowing gaining acceptance as an alternative to allergy injections for the treatment of common respiratory allergies.

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Topical Steroids (Steroid Creams and Ointments) - a basic guide

Steroid creams or ointments, also called topical steroids, are frequently used to treat all types of skin inflammation in both children and adults. The most common conditions treated with steroid creams by allergists include eczema or atopic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis.

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