Nasal Allergies

Nasal allergies


Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)

One of the most common presentations of allergies in both children and adults involves the nose and eyes. The clinical condition involving nasal symptoms is called “rhinitis” and we call allergic involvement of the eyes “conjunctivitis”. We all know people who suffer from allergic rhinitis, or “hay fever”. You can spot them from across the room- tissue in hand, sneezing, sniffling, blowing their nose, tearing, and rubbing their eyes. If fortunate, these symptoms are but a minor inconvenience, but, if severe, they can significantly affect one’s quality of life.

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Dust Mite Allergy

Dust mites are microscopic organisms closely related to spiders and ticks. The two house dust mite species found in North America are Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Quite appropriately named, dermatophagoides means “skin eater”. These creatures are scavengers that feed primarily on the dead skin that falls off the bodies of humans and animals. Humans shed two to three pounds of skin cells a year, so it is no wonder that mites are found around the places where we spend most of our time, for instance, in our beds.

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Mold Allergy

Mold, also called mildew or fungus, is an organic substance that is often recognized by its musty smell. In most cases, however, we breathe mold spores in our homes, schools, work places, and even outdoors, and are not even aware of their existence. That is, until we begin to have allergic symptoms from inhaling the mold spores.Because mold spores are ubiquitous to most environments, the mold allergic individual can be symptomatic daily, or can exhibit symptoms when spore counts are highest, generally from July to late summer.

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Pet Allergy

According to published studies, between 10-15% of the general population are allergic to cats and dogs. This high incidence of animal allergy, coupled with the fact that approximately 50-70% of homes have a dog or cat living indoors, makes pet allergy a major health consideration. It has been estimated that of the two million people allergic to cats, at least 1/3 of them live with at least one cat in the home. And, to make matters worse for the allergic individual, many homes where there are no indoor pets will still contain enough allergenic pet proteins to cause allergic reactions.

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Pollen Allergy

During the Spring and the Fall seasons, it is estimated that 36 million Americans suffer from pollen allergies.  These pollen allergies typically present themselves as Hay fever, otherwise known as seasonal allergic rhinitis or pollinosis.

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Sinusitis

Sinusitis is the inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses, which may be the result of infection by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, or the result of allergic or autoimmune inflammation. Each year, over 36 million adults and children develop sinusitis. 

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Vasomotor Rhinitis

Vasomotor rhinitis (VMR), also called non-allergic rhinitis, is a form of chronic nasal inflammation characterized by nasal congestion, post nasal drip, runny nose, headaches, sinus pain and pressure or ear plugging. Examination of the nose usually reveals mild to moderate nasal obstruction due to swelling in the lining of the nasal passages and swelling of the nasal turbinates. This chronic low-grade inflammation results in “hyper-responsiveness” of the lining of the nose upon inhalation of a variety of nonspecific airborne irritants.

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